How to Grow Ajuga Plants

ajuga growing in the garden

Here are some easy tips on how to grow Ajuga plants: These perennial plants are easy to grow and maintain in a wide range of soils: sand, loam, or clay. Just make sure the soil is acid. Plant them in holes wide and deep enough for the root ball; space 8-15 in. apart.

Common Name(s): Bugleweed; Carpet Bugle

How to pronounce Ajuga: (ah-JEW-gah)

Description: Ajuga is in the mint family, so it grows and spreads very fast. It looks nice in rock gardens, along paths, or in pots. Ajuga plants reach 6-9 in. tall and 6-18 in. wide. Ajuga looks like a mat of glossy oval leaves with spiky flowers that bloom from spring to early summer. Leaves can be solid green or variegated. The small flowers can be blue, pink, or white. Can be grown from seed.

Propagation: By dividing roots in fall or early spring or from young runners taken from the mother plant.

Origins: Europe, Asia, and Africa

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9

Companion Plants: Hosta, Coral Bells

Fertilizer Needs: When planting, use 1 Tablespoon/1 Gal of 16-12-10

Maintenance: Remove runners from Bugleweed plants as needed to keep them from taking over the yard or garden. To control rapid growth, either mow or cut back to the ground. About every 3 years thin out large crowded groups to avoid crown rot. If solid-color leaves show up on a variegated-leaf plant, remove them to stop the leaves from changing to an all green color.

Sun/Light Needs: Ajuga plants grow in a wide range of light: from full sun to full shade. Keep in mind with full sun you get smaller leaves and bigger flowers.

Water Needs: Weekly. Need to water well in first growing season, so Bugleweed plants put down strong roots.

Wildlife Value: These perennial plants attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Bugleweed plants also are deer-resistant.

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